Criminal Law - Guide to Penal Law
What is Criminal Law: Find Comprehensive Information for US and International Crime Law
Criminal law envelops the criminal procedure employed when charging, trying, sentencing and imprisoning defendants convicted of crimes, as well as regulation concerning how suspects are investigated, charged and tried. Criminal law is typically enforced by the government. The state, through a prosecutor, initiates the suit. Criminal Defense law covers the legal area of defending against a criminal charge. Some subcategories of criminal law include Substantive Criminal law; Criminal Procedure; and the special problems and issues arising in administration and enforcement of criminal justice.
Substantive Criminal law deals with the ?substance? of the law. It identifies what the crimes are, their classifications (i.e. petty crime, misdemeanor, felony) and how they should be charged, as well as their possible penalties. Which courts have jurisdiction over what cases and who will be responsible for prosecuting them is determined by criminal statutes.
Criminal Procedure picks up where substantive criminal law leaves off. It deals with the enforcement of these laws. Most notably, it addresses how an individual accused of a crime may be handled, dealt with and prosecuted, especially with regard to the individual?s constitutional rights. It also covers rules of evidence, witnesses, investigations and the like. When someone